Officials here said Assam is the first state in the country to do so.
The new law has been formulated on the basis of a Model Tenancy Act which was approved by the Union cabinet on June 2, 2021, for adoption across all states and Union Territories.
The bill was introduced in the Legislative Assembly on August 9 and was passed on Friday following which the earlier Assam Urban Areas Rent Control Act, 1972, stands repealed.
The Act will provide a speedy adjudication mechanism for resolution of related disputes and matters between landlords and tenants through the establishment of rent authority, a rent court and rent appellate at the district level.
The Act further specifies the duties and obligations of landlords and tenants regarding maintenance and upkeep of the premises, eliminating any ambiguity in this regard. There will be no artificial cap in fixing the rent of premises.
The rent of a building will be market-driven and will be determined by mutual agreement between tenants and landlords.
“There are various issues between a landlord and a tenant. Some people don’t respect the agreement when it comes to leaving the premises. This results in landlords not letting out accommodation. After this Act comes into force, the letting-out process will become easier. This tenancy act will address the various issues of both the parties,” said housing and urban affairs minister Ashok Singhal.
“There are many pending cases between a landlord and tenant in civil courts. For this we will have a rent tribunal or rent appellate authority in every district. These disputes will be resolved there,” Singhal added.